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                  旺旺首頁 > 英語 > VOA美國之音 > 相關資源 > VOA Special English 基本詞匯
                  更新時間:2004/11/21

                  PARTS OF SPEECH

                  n. (noun) - a name word

                  v. (verb) - an action word 

                  ad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing word 

                  prep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relation 

                  pro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a noun 

                  conj. (conjunction) - a joining word 


                   
                  A

                  a (an) - ad. one; any; each

                  able - v. having the power to do something 

                  about - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the
                  weather.") 

                  above - ad. at a higher place 

                  accept - v. to agree to receive 

                  accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 

                  accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
                  against someone 

                  across - ad. from side to side; to the other side 

                  act - v. to do something 

                  activist - n. one who seeks change through action 

                  actor - n. someone acting in a play or show 

                  add - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to say more 

                  administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
                  president or prime minister 

                  admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
                  responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 

                  adult - n. a grown person 

                  advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 

                  affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
                  performance.") 

                  afraid - ad. feeling fear

                  after - ad. later; behind 

                  again - ad. another time; as before 

                  against - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with something 

                  age - n. how old a person or thing is

                  agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
                  Nations") 

                  aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
                  borders 

                  ago - ad. of time past; before now 

                  agree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to do something 

                  agriculture - n. farming 

                  aid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistance 

                  aim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purpose 

                  air - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we
                  breathe 

                  air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 

                  airplane - n. a vehicle with wings that flies 

                  airport - n. a place where airplanes take off and land 

                  album - n. a collection of recorded music 

                  alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
                  industrial products 

                  alive - ad. having life; not dead 

                  all - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amount 

                  ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 

                  almost - ad. a little less than completely 

                  alone - ad. separated from others 

                  along - ad. near or on ("along the road") 

                  already - ad. before now; even now 

                  also - ad. added to; too 

                  although - conj. even if it is true that 

                  always - ad. at all times; every time 

                  ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
                  government) 

                  amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 

                  ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 

                  among - ad. in or part of (a group) 

                  amount - n. the number, size or weight of anything 

                  anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 

                  ancestor - n. a family member from the past 

                  ancient - ad. very old; long ago 

                  and - conj. also; in addition to; with 

                  anger - n. a strong emotion against someone or something 

                  animal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat 

                  anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
                  past

                  announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 

                  another - ad. one more; a different one 

                  answer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make a statement after being
                  asked a question 

                  any - ad. one or more of no special kind 

                  apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
                  responsibility 

                  appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
                  somebody for help 

                  appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 

                  appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 

                  approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 

                  archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 

                  area - n. any place or part of it 

                  argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 

                  arms - n. military equipment; weapons 

                  army - n. military ground forces 

                  around - ad. on every side (of) 

                  arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 

                  arrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip 

                  art - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or
                  statues 

                  artillery - n. big guns 

                  as - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; while 

                  ash - n. the part left after something burns 

                  ask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask the teacher questions
                  every day.") 

                  assist - v. to help 

                  astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 

                  astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 

                  asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
                  country 

                  at - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon") 

                  atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 

                  attach - v. to tie together; to connect 

                  attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 

                  attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 

                  attend - v. to be present at 

                  automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 

                  autumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winter 

                  average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 

                  avoid - v. to stay away from 

                  awake - ad. not sleeping

                  award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 

                  away - ad. not near 

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